• Ugo Spirito

Corporativism as absolute liberalism and absolute socialism

The distinctiveness of the corporative concept when compared to liberalism and socialism can perhaps be seen best in the international sphere. If the term international is taken to mean in concrete terms the relationship between nations, it can definitely be asserted that only under corporativism can there be any serious talk of an International. The liberal and socialist international were really only anti-national.

The truth of this assertion is demonstrated especially in economics, where the major problem has emerged and various solutions have been attempted. The laissez-faire school of traditional economics denied the existence of frontiers and therefore of nations: at least as far as everything to do with economic life is concerned (that is, the immediately concrete and visible interests of each citizen), the nation has no significance.

But the opposite, abstractly statist demands of socialism lead the same conclusion. In practice the State in which each must trust to obtain justice and liberty is a State which abolishes differences between individuals and, along with them, nations. Proletarians of the whole world unite is the cry of the socialists, which means deny your fatherland for humanity, deny the States for the State which will be your redemption.

In contrast, Fascism recognizes the value of the Universalist demand which lies at the heart of the so-called ideology of the liberal and socialist International and proclaims the need for a genuine International based on Corporative principal.

By moving from the individual to the State, from corporation to corporation we finally arrive at the national corporation. But confronted by the myopic naturalistic nationalism which asserts the dogma of economic independence and only knows the weapon of protectionism, Fascism has understood that the true triumph of corporativism lies in bringing about the triumph of the corporative idea throughout the whole world. And, while the use of protective import duties is forced on us by present conditions, it campaigns against customs barriers and against the egotistic limitations of international commerce. This is not, of course, to encourage the anarchy of individualistic laissez-faire, but to establish a system of collaboration between nations under which every country, by organizing its own economy in a planned way, takes account of the organization prevailing in other countries and comes to an arrangement with them on how best to co-ordinate different programmes. Just as it does not abolish distinctions between individuals, corporativism is not a levelling force between nations, and just as it recognizes the value of every individual’s work and his need to affirm his personality freely, so it recognizes, within an international system, every country’s peculiar contribution to the creation of a new civilization.